As a hardware R&D engineer, I believe I am familiar with constant current circuit, and I often encounter such circuit problems when designing related projects of LED drivers. For the constant current circuit, the commonly used method is to clamp the circuit with two triodes or to build a precise constant current circuit with operational amplifier. The schematic diagrams of these two kinds of constant current circuits are briefly introduced today.
Constant current circuit design: 1, triode constant current circuit:
The constant current circuit of triode mainly uses the characteristic that the base conduction voltage of Q2 triode is 0.6~0.7V; When Q2 triode is turned on, the base voltage of Q1 triode is pulled down and turned off, and the load R1 does not work; The current flowing through R1 is equal to the current of R6 resistor (ignoring the base current of Q1 and Q2 triodes), and the current of R6 resistor is equal to the voltage of 0.6~0.7V at both ends of R6 resistor divided by the resistance value of R6 resistor (fixed), so the current flowing through R1 load is constant, even if the VCC voltage at the power supply end of R1 load is variable, the circuit effect of constant current can be achieved. 2. Constant current circuit of operational amplifier:
The constant current circuit of the operational amplifier mainly uses the "voltage following characteristic" of the operational amplifier, that is, the circuit characteristic that the two input pins Pin3 and Pin2 of the operational amplifier have the same voltage; When Vin is input into resistor R4 to stabilize the power supply voltage, the voltage across resistor R7 is constant, so the current flowing through resistor R7 is constant no matter how the external circuit changes. As with the principle analysis of triode constant current circuit, the current of R2 load is equal to the current of R7 resistor, so even if the power supply of R2 load is a variable voltage power supply, the current of R2 load remains constant, achieving the effect of constant current; Apart from the constant-current circuit designed by triode and operational amplifier, Chip Brother introduced another design scheme of constant-current circuit, which mainly uses the voltage-stabilizing characteristics of voltage-stabilizing diodes.
In the constant-current circuit of the zener diode, the base voltage of the transistor Q4 is limited to the stable voltage Uzd of the zener diode, so the voltage of the resistor R10 is equal to Uzd minus the conduction voltage drop of the transistor base and emitter by 0.7V, that is, U=Uzd-0.7 remains constant, so the current flowing through the resistor R10 is constant even when the VCC power supply is variable, that is, the current of the load R8 remains constant, thus achieving the effect of constant current.Three different constant-current circuits can better meet the design requirements of the project. I wonder if the constant-current design scheme of zener diode introduced above has been adopted by friends?
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