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Isolation power and noise

release time:2022-03-17Author source:SlkorBrowse:1251

In harsh or strong electronic interference environment, such as industrial environment and production assembly line, etc., in these systems, mechanical equipment, high frequency

Equipment, spark machine, etc. will produce all kinds of interference and noise, which will affect the normal work of other power supplies. For the requirements of purified power supply, such as the requirements of high quality precision instruments and equipment, especially sensors and weak signal acquisition, DC isolation is adopted.

Power supply is a common and common method.

The isolated DC (or noise) power supply is firstly a switching power supply, and ripple and noise are its basic problems. How to effectively reduce ripple and noise is a problem that DC (or noise) isolated power supply must face and solve. This paper analyzes and discusses this problem on the basis of experiments. Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of a Flyback isolated power supply, and fig. 2 shows the noise test results at 500mA current output.

Figure 1: Flyback isolated power supply.

Figure 2: Noise test

If an AC path is added between two isolated power supplies, it is equivalent to a low-pass filter. Figure 3 shows the noise test results with AC channel. It can be seen from the results that the peak and high frequency noise are reduced.

Figure 3: Noise test with AC path


LC low-pass filter is a common and effective method to reduce noise. Although LC can effectively remove and weaken ripple, it will also introduce new noise, which is mainly manifested as high-frequency spikes, and its magnitude is related to output current, LC inductance, parasitic capacitance and so on.

Figure 4: Noise test with LC low-pass filter


Following a linear regulated power supply (LDO) after the switching power supply can also effectively remove and weaken the ripple. Depending on the performance of LDO, it will also introduce new noise. Figure 5.

Figure 5A: Noise test with LDO


Figure 5B: Noise test with LDO and AC path


To sum up, this paper discusses three methods to remove and reduce the noise of isolated switching power supply. Through these methods, we have effectively improved our power products and achieved good results. Power supply is a complex system engineering, which not only involves noise theory, circuit design, electronic measurement, but also depends on PCB layout, wiring and other technological processes, which will not be discussed here.

For most applications, the above methods can basically meet the requirements, such as digital circuits and general analog circuits. However, for higher power supplies such as uV/nA signal measurement, high-precision semiconductor laser power supply and high-precision AD/DA conversion, it is not enough to rely on the above methods. Comprehensive optimization design of various methods can further improve the noise of the power supply.

Figure 6A/B shows the test results of this power supply.
Figure 6A Noise Test of Super Low Noise Power Supply [8MHz Bandwidth]


Figure 6B Noise Test of Super Low Noise Power Supply [10Hz-100KHz Bandwidth]


Disclaimer: This article is reproduced from "Gerui Aerospace Electronics (Tianjin) Co., Ltd.". This article only represents the author's personal views, and does not represent the views of Sacco Micro and the industry. It is only for reprinting and sharing to support the protection of intellectual property rights. Please indicate the original source and author when reprinting. If there is any infringement, please contact us to delete it.

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